August 2019

A summary of research published online across our journals this month.

Butt et al. identify weak rule of law as an important condition leading to violence against environmental defenders. (Nature Sustainability)

Chenoweth & Belgioioso describe the momentum of protest movements as the product of the number of participants (mass) and concentration of events in time (velocity). Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Granulo et al. show that people’s preference for humans to take on the jobs of humans reverses when they consider their own jobs: when it comes to themselves, humans prefer being replaced by robots. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Yeager et al. demonstrate that a short, online, self-administered growth mindset intervention can increase adolescents’ grades and advanced course-taking. (Nature)

Using prefecture-level data from China, Yan et al. find that 100% of user-side systems can achieve grid parity, while 22% can produce electricity cheaper than coal-based power plants. (Nature Energy)

Page et al. examine 1,701 alloparent–child dyads in Agta people and find that both kin selection and reciprocity are important predictors of alloparenting. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Lee et al. show people's biases in social perception can be explained merely by the structure of their social networks, without assuming biased cognition. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Inoue & Todo use an agent-based model and the supply chains of nearly one million firms to simulate the diffusion of economic shocks from earthquakes in Japan. (Nature Sustainability)

Surana & Jordaan estimate emissions from compensatory electricity generation and the potential for reductions for 142 countries. Read the story behind the paper here. (Nature Climate Change)

Hauser et al. show that extreme inequality prevents cooperation, but overall welfare is maximized when endowments and productivities are aligned such that more-productive individuals receive higher endowments. (Nature)

Wood and Papachristos show that a gun violence field intervention reduced the two-year incidence of gunshot victimization among participants and their network peers. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Lieder et al. leverage artificial intelligence to redesign our to-do lists into games that make us more productive. (Nature Human Behaviour)

A mathematical model from Johnson et al. predicts that policing on one online platform can make matters worse and generate ‘darker’ parts of the Internet. (Nature)

Régner et al. show that, in a nationwide competition for elite research positions, committees that hold strong implicit gender biases and doubt that women face external barriers to their success promote fewer women. (Nature Human Behaviour)

Petersen et al. suggest that climate change scientists have higher citation impact but lower media visibility than climate contrarians. (Nature Communications)

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